We worried about exact same-sex celebrities having surface with early in the day search (e

We worried about exact same-sex celebrities having surface with early in the day search (e

The analysis got three significant seeks: (1) to examine adolescents’ selections of mass media rates and you can celebrities for parasocial notice, (2) Kanada gelin bul to explore new frequency and you may construal of PSR from inside the an adolescent shot, and you will (3) to ascertain whether or not gender variations came up from inside the teenage parasocial techniques. With regards to adolescents’ choices of mass media data and superstars, we hypothesized that highly outstanding a-listers, instance stars and artists, could well be frequently mentioned, having down cost out of acceptance to have low-aesthetic celebs otherwise inactive media figures. We and additionally asked telecommunications anywhere between sort of superstar picked in addition to qualities teenagers of all of them, in that very noticeable superstars would-be associated with appearance, whereas athletes and you will non-performers could well be appreciated due to their strengths. For PSR, i questioned adolescence which engaged in PSR in order to report far more hierarchical than egalitarian relationship, however, on the amount you to definitely type checked, i asked hierarchical PSR to be of the prefer regarding a beneficial celebrity’s talent and you may egalitarian PSR is associated with appearance. We along with requested PSR are in the large wedding, power, and you will financing into the parasocial issues. In terms of gender differences, i asked higher acceptance out-of athletes certainly one of boys and you may actresses among girls, large prices of involvement, strength, and PSR within the girls than boys, as well as for boys in order to comprehend their stars for their talents significantly more have a tendency to than simply girls. Finally, i asked girls becoming significantly more personal about their parasocial affairs than boys.


The initial sample was 107 girls (Mage = , SD = 0.35) and 61 boys (Mage = , SD = 0.42) in ninth grade at a public high school in a US Northeastern suburb. However, seven girls (6.5%) and eight boys (13.1%) did not identify a celebrity of whom they were particularly fond, so the final sample included 100 girls (Mage = , SD = 0.35) and 53 boys (Mage = , SD = 0.38). This ratio reflects the gender ratios in much of the research on PSI (Cohen, 1999, 2003, 2004; Cole and Leets, 1999; Maltby et al., 2006; Derrick et al., 2008, 2009). Adolescents were 73% Caucasian, 12% Asian, 8% Biracial, 2% Latino, 2% African-American, and 1% Native-American (2% chose “Other” or did not respond), and approximately 75% had at least one parent who had graduated college. Participation (72.3%) was solicited through a letter and consent form sent to parents through the school. Participants received a $5 gift certificate for ice cream, and the school received a donation. This study was carried out with the approval of and in accordance with the recommendations of the Wellesley College Ethics Review Board with written informed consent from parents and assent from all participants in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.


A study handled regions of (PSI/PSR) also character from a-listers chose getting parasocial desire and range and you can version when you look at the quasi-dating dreamed with your superstars. We examined whether superstar vocation or relationship imagined were about the features adolescents respected within their chosen celebrities, and mental and you will behavioural symptoms of PSI/PSR, such as for instance participants’ quantity of involvement inside the parasocial facts, new emotional intensity of the experience, the dedication to find out about their selected celebrities, and you may whether they common their attention on these media figures having relatives and buddies. Members was in fact basic expected to determine an exact same-sex celebrity off who they certainly were instance happy (“Really teenage girls/boys enjoys a prominent celebrity otherwise a popular reputation from Tv, film, otherwise pop culture: which Female/Men Superstar are you presently such as keen on?”). grams., Derrick ainsi que al., 2008).

Celebrity Type of

Media numbers titled was indeed categorized into the four celebrity brands: step one = actors, dos = athletes, 3 = singers, 4 = standard stars (elizabeth.grams., speak show machine Oprah), and you will 5 = editors. A-listers that suit for the several groups (age.g., Oprah is additionally a celebrity) was basically coded according to group where these people were most useful understood. Several separate programmers scored all the solutions; precision are high (kappa = 0.92). Disagreements was indeed solved because of the talk.

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